Halat

The Halat, also known as the Alat, Alatçin, Halatçin, and/or Ulayundluğ (Common Script: Halat; IPA: /hɑlɑːt/; Chinese: 賀賴, 曷剌, 遏羅支, 葛羅枝牙; Kharakhanid: اُوﻻيُنْدْلُغْ), were originally a Quŋa tribe; however, they gradually branched out, joining a variety of nomadic confederations. Their modern descendants are now scattered across the Asian continent in countries such as Turkey, Azerbaijan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, Russia, and China.

Etymology

From Turkic *[pʰ]ɑlɑː "Dappled, mottled, piebald" + *ɑt "horse." -çin is a Mongolic occupational derivational suffix, and -yundluğ "with a horse" is from Turkic *junt "horse."


Transcriptions of Their Name

Halat - He-lai (賀賴) LH *gɑi-lɑs (The Book of Wei 113, Book of Jin 97)

Halat - He-la (曷剌) MC *ɣât-lât (Tongdian 200)
Alatçin - E-luo-zhi (遏羅支) MC *ʔât-lâ-tśje (New Book of Tang 217)
Halatçin – Ge-luo-zhi-ya (葛羅枝牙) MC *kăt-lâ-tśje-ŋa (Tang Huiyao 72)
Ulayundluğ - Aulayundlugh (اُوﻻيُنْدْلُغْ) *ulɑːyundluğ

Notes