Qirğaçin

"Killer"

Etymology

Pronunciation

/[qɨ]r[ɣ]ɑt͡ʃin/

Transcriptions

Qie-hai-zhen (契害眞) LH *kʰet-gɑs-tśin

Part of Speech

Noun

 

Sources

Notes on the Language of the Tatar Qağanate

2022

Qishu (齊書)

Notes on the Tabğaç Language

2022

Languages of Ancient Southern Mongolia and North China

2017

Notes

Shimunek (2017) reconstructs *kʰirʁɑjt͡ʃin from Mongolic *kidu- “to kill” via rhotacization. However, a derivation from Turkic *kɨr- "to destroy" is more likely. Moreover, his use of Middle Chinese inevitably results in flawed reconstructions. Thus, the Mongolic deverbal noun suffix *ʁɑj has no basis. Instead, there is the Turkic deverbal noun suffix *-ɣɑ. The final consonant in the character hai (害) *gɑs anticipates the beginning consonant of the next syllable, zhen (眞) *-tśin, itself, a Mongolized variant of the Turkic occupational suffix *-t͡ʃɨ. Thus, Turkic *qɨrɣɑt͡ʃɨ “destroyer” derives Tabğaç *[qɨ]r[ɣ]ɑt͡ʃin “killer.”

From my research notes: "Notes on the Tabğaç Language"