Old and Middle Chinese Reconstructions

The data presented here is derived from the supplemental files accompanying Baxter and Sagart's 2014 Old Chinese: a new reconstruction. The files are provided here under a CC BY 4.0 license.

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follow (a road)

Pinyin

zūn

Middle Chinese

tswin

Old Chinese

*[ts]u[n]

honor (v.)

Pinyin

zūn

Middle Chinese

tswon

Old Chinese

*[ts]ˤu[n]

wine-cup

Pinyin

zūn

Middle Chinese

tswon

Old Chinese

*[ts]ˤu[n]

wine-cup

Pinyin

zūn

Middle Chinese

tswon

Old Chinese

*[ts]ˤu[n]

yesterday

Pinyin

zuó

Middle Chinese

dzak

Old Chinese

*[dz]ˤak

left (side)

Pinyin

zuǒ

Middle Chinese

tsaX

Old Chinese

*tsˤa[j]ʔ

assist

Pinyin

zuǒ

Middle Chinese

tsaX

Old Chinese

*tsˤa[j]ʔ

assist

Pinyin

zuǒ

Middle Chinese

tsaH

Old Chinese

*tsˤarʔ-s

aid, assist

Pinyin

zuǒ

Middle Chinese

tsaH

Old Chinese

*tsˤarʔ-s (dialect: *-r > *-j)

sacrificial meat and wine

Pinyin

zuò

Middle Chinese

dzuH

Old Chinese

*[dz]ˤak-s

sit

Pinyin

zuò

Middle Chinese

dzwaX

Old Chinese

*[dz]ˤo[j]ʔ

to set

Pinyin

zuò

Middle Chinese

dzwaX

Old Chinese

*m-[dz]ˤo[j]ʔ