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Qıpçaq (Kipchak)

The Qıpçaq (Chinese: 屈庾, 屈射; Kharakhanid: قِفچاَق) were one of the major Turkic tribes within Inner-Asia, west of the Xuŋa and Tägäräk, but north of the Qırğır. They are one of the ancestors of the modern Qazaqs

 
Etymology
 

I trace the Qıpçaq name to the ancient Turkic tribe of the Quyu (屈庾) or Qushi (屈射):


Quyu (屈庾) LH *k(ʰ)ut-jo < OC *kut-loʔ - Taishigongshu
Qushi (屈射) LH *k(ʰ)ut-źak < OC *kut-mlak – Hanshu

According to them, their name was connected to Middle Turkic *qovuq (قُوُق) “hollow” and *jɨɣɑːt͡ʃ (يغاَج) “tree.” Clauson (1972) cites quv ağaç or “hollow tree.” According to Academia Sinica, the Qıpçaq of Bağatur Darğa’s time inhabited the areas around the Yenisey river, just above the Qırğır.

 
Early History
 

Sometime during or after 203 B.C.E., the Xuŋa, led by Bağatur Darğa, conquered the Qıpçaq, Qırğır, Tägäräk, Hun-yu, and the Sır.


Notes
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