Altı Qırqıs

A a

[ɑ] - Occurs in all positions. Cannot accompany y [j] or ş [ʃ].

Ä ä

[æ] as an allophone of /ɑ/ only when in contact with y [j] or ş [ʃ].

E e

[e] - Occurs in all positions, but [je] or [ʲe] when preceded by /l/ or /n/.

İ i

[ɪ̞]  - Occurs in all positions

I ı

[ə̞] - Occurs in all positions

O o

[ɔ] - Occurs in all positions

Ö ö

[ø̞ʷ] - Occurs in all positions 

U u

[ɯ̞ʷ] - Occurs in all positions

Ü ü

[i̠ʷ]. - Occurs in all positions, but [y] when preceding ç /t͡ʃ/ or c /d͡ʒ/

P p

[p˭] as an allophone of /p/ initially and as [p] finally. 

F f

[ɸ] as an allophone of /p/ in intervocal positions.

V v

[β] as an allophone of /p/ in intervocal positions.

M m

[m] as an allophone of /m/ in all positions.

N n

[n] - Occurs in all positions

Ŋ ŋ

[ŋ] - Occurs in all positions

K k

[k˭] as an allophone of /k/ initially, [k] intervocally, and [k͈] finally.

Q q

[qʰ] as an allophone of /q/ initially, [q] finally, and [q̟] when preceding ı [ə̞].

X x

[χ˖] as an allophone of /x/ or /h/ - occurs in all positions.

Ğ ğ

[ɣ] or [ʁ] as an allophone of /k/ or /q/ intervocally and finally.

H h

[ħ] - Occurs in all positions.

T t

[t˭] as an allophone of /t/ initially, [ʔ͡t] intervocally, and [t] finally. 

Z̧ z̧

[ð] as an allophone of /d/ intervocally.

S s

[s] initially and finally.

Z z

[z] as an allophone of /s/ in intervocally. 

Ş ş

[ʃ] initially and finally.

Z̧ z̧

[ʒ] as an allophone of /ʃ/ intervocally. 

Ç ç

[t͡ʃ] only intervocally.

C c

[d͡ʒ] initially and intervocally. [d͡ʒʲ] when accompanying front vowels.

R r

[r] - Occurs all positions. 

L l

[ɫ] as an allophone of /l/ with back vowels, and [ȴ] with front vowels.

Y y

[j] - Occurs in all positions. Rare initially. 

 

Qaraqan 

Ap

"Not, neither"

أبْ

At

"Horse"

اَتْ

“Hey!” an exclamatory interjection.

اَجْ

Iq

"Hiccup"

إِقْ

Ir

"Shame"

اِرْ

Op

An ox used in threshing.

اُپْ

Op op

“Up! stand!” used when an ass stumbles.

اُبْ اُبْ

Oq

Emphatic particle for expressing the time (of something)

اُق

Oq

"Lunging (snake)"

اُقْ

Oq

"Arrow," also of an arrow or stick used when drawing lots.

اُق

Oq

Emphatic particle

اُقْ

Oq ; Ow

"Beam (of a house)"

[اُق) ; [اُڨ)

Ot

"Vegetation, weed, herb; fodder, feed; medicine; poison"

اُتْ

Otáçı́

"Physician, doctor"

اُتاجى

"Thus; now"

اُش

Oş oş

A term used when giving water to an Ox (Imperative)

اُش اُش

'Type of tree,' a mountain tree Turks used to make writing tools, as well as canes and other tools.

اُجْ

'A city,' modern Uchturpan County.

اُجْ

Uş ; Us

"Judgment, knowing the difference between good and evil"

أُس ; اُڛْ

Äp

"Very;" reduplicative intensifying prefix, color intensifying prefix.

أَبْ

Är

"Man"

أَرْ , اَرْ

Ärän

"Men"

اَرَن

Äs

'Share of game given to predatory animals'

اَسْ

Ät

"Meat; smooth, leveled"

[اَت) [اَتْ)

Öş

"Core (of something); tailbone (of a bird)"

اُش

Üp

"Very;" reduplicative intensifying prefix.

أُبْ

Üs

"Vulture"

اُسْ

Üz

"Fat"

اُزْ

Üç

"Three"

اُجْ

İt

"Dog"

اِتْ